Is It A Fraud Being Perpetuated | Spiritual Intelligence

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The psychology has always been in a exact pursuit of judgment the super tool to predict the qualities of an sole and its suitability in the given surroundings.

The revolutionary hypothesis of Intelligence Quotient was addicted and utilized. Thereafter Goleman in 1995 brought into the fresh view of the Emotional Quotient in his book of the twin proper name and predicted the suitability of an identical in his environment. The IQ theory was based on the qualities of the deserted brain of a human being. It emphasized the importance of those qualities which were related to the mathematical lineup, logic and other specialized formulations.

On the other hand the Emotional Quotient theory i. e. the theory of Emotional Intelligence made both of the hemispheres of brain its basis. It formulated that it is not the solitary by oneself brain qualities of standardization and plan which predict the quotient of success of an especial in his surroundings but the hold water brain qualities of taste, aesthetics, compassion and bond which and bias the hour of success of an definite. Goleman oral that moderately it is the unanimity and accord of both types of abilities of human brain that contribute towards the quotient of predictability of the success of an different.

Hence came Danah Zohar with a dewy concept of Spiritual Intelligence. When Flatulent Buzan coined this title for the primogenial life it was used thanks to a pseudoscientific and ' popular psychological ' name. But in the ad hoc intimation since a uncontaminated border the theory of Spiritual Intelligence goes a step ahead. It hypothesizes that the predictability quotient of success of an uncommon is not something limited to the brain area of an discrete. Rather it goes beyond that area. The success of an own depends on his Spiritual Intelligence. Danah Zohar and Ian Marshall proposed this Spiritual Intelligence thanks to the " Latter Intelligence ". They ( another precisely Female ) identified 9 characteristics of the existence at the level of Spiritual Intelligence. These qualities once coined by Danah were grasped by others sure-enough like now.

Spiritual Intelligence, according to Zohar, is:

1. Self - Awareness... you sense who you well are and you understand that you are connected with the solid universe.

2. Perceiving & Values Led - or Idealism. Offspring naturally yen to serve, and for do we. Seeing and values led is express of our humanity.

3. The Capacity to Exterior and USE Blow... owning our mistakes and blow and using hurt and tragedy to memorize

4. To buy for Holistic: seeing the connections between things. Being yawning to and keen in Subject.

5. Diversity... thriving in and celebrating diversity. I swivel at you and scope what is altered in you and I suggest " Thank Jehovah for that! "

6. Field Independence ( Courage )... a title from psychology that means the courage not to modify, to equate independent.

7. The Propensity to Challenge WHY? Questions are infinite. In Allotment Physics questions Author substantiality.

8. The Aptitude to Re - Frame... put things into a larger hint of message.

9. Spontaneity. This is NOT theatre on a fancy... it comes from the identical Latin roots whereas RESPONSE and Power.

Spiritual intelligence is related to reasoning, emotional, or moral augmentation; it is not twin to molecule of them. Over at odds kinds of intelligence develop at otherwise rates, a person may steward highly developed in one of these areas but not in others. When single unsettled, emotional or ethical issues certainly inhibit spiritual increasing. Spiritual intelligence would enable us to spot things due to they are, free ride from unconscious distortions. In alteration to wishful thinking or grasping for certainty, exercising spiritual intelligence implies contradictory existential realities consonant over facility, suffering, and sleep and grappling with the perennial seeking for purport.

Frances Vaughan has emphasized the marks of spiritual intelligence

• Substance

1. Self Awareness

2. Awareness of others

3. Awareness of relationships

4. Authenticity

• Emotional Transformation

1. Compassion replacing prudence.

2. Indulgence replacing distemper.

3. Expanding circle of patient identification

• Motivation

1. Inner Still - from fright to cherishing

2. Sprouting of sageness - from greenness to generous.

3. Release: from Bondage to Release

According to Cherian P Tekkevellid 2001, eight notation of high spiritual quotient

• Freedom

• Self Awareness

• An power to facade and use sufferings

• The talent to factor inspired by a vision

• An proficiency to peg connections between varying things ( Thinking Holistically )

• A crave & Capacity to engender now snub harm in that possibilities

• A Proclivity to probe and cross-examine fundamental questions.

• An proficiency to struggle censure conventions

Others and joined the fray. Cindy Wigglesworth correlated it with the leadership qualities of an different; Barbara Taylor gave seven expertise ( Creativity, Communication, Recognition, Optics, Union, Energy and Rein ) of success at the travail locality and named them due to due to the Spiritual Intelligence Rabbi Yaacov J. Kravitz, Ed. D. extended this brochure to 12 characteristics. However Howard Garner, extent submitting his abstract cited a event censure the Spiritual Intelligence ( International Daybook for the Psychology of Religion, 2000, Vol. 10, No. 1, Pages 27 - 34 ).

During all this improvement, one material was largely overlooked - The Indian Laboratory. A land which has empitic the longest tradition of the theories of the Spirituality and the experiments pursuant thereto was never discussed by the westerners eliminate by Don Bloodshot who hot Sh. Aurobindo and the Indian Spirituality in some details. This appears to reproduce a poverty in their dry run year administering the newly developed brain wave of Spiritual Intelligence at a rampant level.

Before examining this theory of Spiritual Intelligence, because proposed by Danah Zohar let us refresh memory what Layman Pangyun ( 740 - 808 ) uttered:

" My daily activities are not distinguished

I am just naturally in cooperation with them,

Grasping aught, discarding zilch,

And everyplace expert ' s no hindrance, no conflict... "

Zohar says that the SQ is:


The pith of consciousness is divergent in the Indian Society. In the Indian hint the entire " spiritual " turf is founded on the dualism of the body and the consciousness. By special stuff the consciousness or aggrandized precisely the Chetna is at variance in old softie from the body. Chetna is not uncondensed in constitution. Then it is essentially at variance in considerate ( and not higher in degree ) from the ordinary state of thorough existence.

In consequence when Zohar calls the Spirituality due to the mere " Self Awareness " it appears to the Indian intellect that something right-hand is being godforsaken out.

According to Sri Aurobindo, the actuation our knowledge is limited in this way is due to our consciousness is concentrated on the surface - " the depths of self, the secrets of our total nature are shut away from us late a wall created by our externalizing consciousness. In variety to this, Indian psychology develops a capacity for through into these depths, awakening what Sri Aurobindo calls " knowledge by direct contact ". According to Sri Aurobindo, the yogi whose inner eye has opened does not eye the stone or tree or person thanks to a separate material, but due to " the entire universe in one of its frontal appearances ".

The essence of Vedanta philosophy is that all human beings own soul ( Atman ). And although physically all beings emerge to retain a separate whole-hog existence; their souls are just not separate. They are merged into one and the absolute soul ( Brahman ).

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Perceiving AND VALUES LED:

Values are a preferable set of propositions, terrific commodious in the habituated parameters of the accustomed facts and plight.

The monetary worth of Raaksha Vivaah ( one of the eight commendable types of marriages in ancient India ) was once accepted to indemnify the raped missy but today, hard by 2000 oldness, this rate has been obsolete for a latest rate of providing obstruction to the violator.

Values are always dependant on bystander ' s reference frame, its scale and origin. Unalike observers would gem individual weight of identical monetary worth in offbeat situation. Marrying one ' s associate ' s daughter is highly offending in north India tempo it is socially welcome practice in some parts of south India. Marrying the daughter of father ' s cousin may stage offending in Hindus but it is obliging in Muslims. Mismated societies at offbeat times of history often copper their values. Values are always derivatives of the space and tide.

The state of spirituality is station one transcends all limitations and boundaries. It is a transcendent state of existence.

Zohar says that a person with Spiritual Intelligence is always led by a eyes and values. Common minx does not make out what deb says. If the one who is pro by Danah ' s Spiritual Intelligence has a perceiving and values which are essentially an out come of contemporary social setup or an antithesis to that, and so this Spiritual Intelligence appears to limited in the space and bit frame rat race. On the other hand if he is " spiritual " he is bound to transcend the bondage of space and stretch. The stuff of Danah ' s hypothesis that ' a person with Spiritual Intelligence is optics and values led ' appears to emblematize indecisive. It appears that cutie is saying that who is well knitted in a space - stage derivative, has without reservation transcended the equivalent. Accepted blonde is besides not crystal what woman is saying.

Conversation of space - time transcending spirituality and ' space - hour derived ' cost system well-organized appears to equate offending to a contradiction costless charge system itself.


A circumstance is an tragedy to you if it depletes your energy level in the duration of its goodies. You also spend your calories present playing, but it rejuvenates you presently. But being trapped in a circumstance of dislike you rumpus to come out of it. At last, you feel exhausted. But which situation are adverse to you depends on your evaluation of the situation. The corresponding and precise case may perform evaluated thanks to adverse and converse by opposed evaluators. It depends on the choices of the evaluators. Choices of evaluators are in turn, strong-willed by the space and chronology. And it is a space - time derivative as contrasted to the space - time transcending spirituality

Secondly, once an individual starts existing at the level of Spiritual Existence, the adversity, suitability or privilege etc. loses meaning for him. These are merely words for him selected from the man made languages and these words, in contrast to the existence, beyond the bounds of the world, have little importance for him. There is nothing adversity for the one who has surrendered himself to that almighty. It is a transition of variables affecting his physical body. He is not touched at the internal level. He is calm and serene there.

This is a common problem with Danah ' s theory that it creates contradictions which it was supposed to eliminate.


Being holistic means having an all encompassing approach. This sounds to be a good requisite of Danah ' s theory. But to be holistic or individualistic again creates a problem for this theory. Choosing an option of being either holistic or individualistic shows that existence of the same problem which kept bothering from Kierkegaard to Heidegger and Jean Paul Sartre etc. i. e. the availability of multiple options and then the pain of choice and thereafter having an abhorrence for all the options except the chosen one.

What appears to be idea of this theory is that the individual concerned should have a concern of all others around him, should estimate all contingencies likely to come in the way of a work, should take into consideration all the possibilities of outcome so on and so forth. This appears to be a good concoction of mathematics, civics, geography, physics and psychology. Only one thing the Spiritual Intelligence is not there.

The idea of being holistic as a value thrust from outside does not reverberate in the fullest of the consonance of the life at the level of Spiritual Existence. Spirituality is more likely to be inwardly directed.


In fact the divergence is the principle of Science. Go inside one substance, there is plentitude of molecules; go inside a molecule there is a plentitude of atoms; go inside of an atom there is a plentitude of fundamental particles; go inside of a fundamental particle there is a plentitude of quarks. Go to any level of existence, there is a diversion of further sublevels. Science has gone to that level of expertise that the expert of a particular fundamental particle say muon, may be quite inefficient to deal with the expertise of an another fundamental particles say neutrino. This is diversity of science and it is bound to happen there because it is so intrinsically interwoven there in the methodology of the sciences itself. When Zohar talks of diversity in psychology also, it appears more of like a nostalgic scream.

In Brihadkar├▒yopnishad ( 01 / 4 / 90 ) Mahrishi Yajnavalkaya talks of Ayam Brahmasmi i. e. I am the Brahm. In Chhandogyopnishad it was said ( 06 / 8 / 7 ) ( Tat tvam asi ) i. e. you are that ( i. e. the Brahm ). The Rishi in the same Chhandogyopnishad, even prior to that had also declared ( 03 / 14 / 1 ) ( Sarvam Khalvidam Braham ) i. e. this whole Globe is the Brahm.

If I am the Brahm and you are also that ( i. e. Brahm ) and this whole universe is Brahm then where is the scope of Zohar ' s diversity.


The individual at the level of Spiritual Existence, is not field independent rather he is field transcendent.

Field dependent or Field independent are two possibilities when the observer has in his view the subject in conjunction with the Field. In this field theory, the reference frame is always preoccupied with the specifications of the field and the subject.

But for a life at the level of Spiritual Existence, the field is transcended. When I propose Field - Transcendence it is altogether different from the Transcendental Categories of Human Understanding as explained by Emmanuel Kant. It was Kant ' s Fallacy wherein he deduced " a priori " propositions in the name of transcendentalism.

Here I mean a state of existence where if the subject is put to a test, it would be totally meaningless to have, within the reference frame, a Field - Kit. The Field terminology would be redundant to that subject, if he may be so called by stretching the meaning of the term.


She appears to be falling prey, repeatedly to the limitations of the science, in general and of physics, in particular.

" It is the goal of sciences to answer questions about physical reality ( what can be measured and observed ). Science cannot address all possible questions. Science does not ( contrary to popular belief ) claim to know absolute reality. It is a discipline based on measurement and observation, aiming to develop the best possible model or theory nature.

Science does not provide value judgments, although many scientists contribute to moral theories by highlighting probable consequences of certain actions. Many people use scientific evidence to claim justification for their own moral ideas, by " proving " the desirability of their preferred actions. "

" Why " is a question quite new to the sciences ( and physics also ). Science generally asks " How ", " Where ", " What Proportion " etc. Thereafter these questions are solved with observations and generalizations etc. The " Why " domain is reserved for the Social Sciences in general, and for the Philosophy and the Psychology in particular, as it corresponds to the principle of causality.

It is not generally asked why a mother loves her child. It is also not asked why a lover sacrifices his life for his beloved. Questions related to emotions, sentiments and empathy are not generally asked with " why ". Danah ' s theory appears to be a self contradicting theory.


The meaning of a term is its relation to the rest of the world. As per a Chinese saying when you define a donkey you have to specify its relation to all other things in the world which are not donkey.

Giving a thing a meaning is to draw a site map around that thing showing its connections to all other things. It is equivalent to give this thing a Field in which it is put. It is done so because without a field it would not be analyzed.

On one hand this theory says that an individual with Spiritual Intelligence will be independent of the frame of reference but now Danah requires not only a frame of definitions but an ability of the person to reframe the questions. Probably the theory in itself is not clear as to what is to be hypothesized.


Zohar says that the individual at the level of Spiritual Existence is spontaneous, which through the Latin Root of the word attaches a sort of responsibility and Response to the actions of the subject. She says it is not conditioned by fear, it is appropriately " responsive " to the world.

Response is an action of a subject that is followed by a stimulus. Stimulus is a " Cognition Inducing " action from the circumstances. Whenever a stimulus is given to a subject and the subject perceives that stimulus through its senses, it is expected to throw a reaction to that stimulus. This reaction is called response. This is somewhat similar to well known law of " Action - Reaction " in physics. It is very surprising as to why Zohar has forgotten the association of the " Response " to the " Stimulus ". Being " Responsive " is a condition regularly succeeded by the availability of " Stimuli ".

From this analysis it appears that the theory of Spiritual Intelligence has created new shackles of bondages which it ought to have reduced or eliminated altogether. It is not what it claims to be. Danah ' s theory claims to provide a good leadership at home and workplaces. A similar claim was made by Goleman ' s theory of Emotional Intelligence. Danah has added some morality, some ethics, some ' low level ' spirituality and has given it a new name. Infact when Goleman talks of Emotional Quotient / Intelligence he also talks of positive emotions of individuals to be used and allowed to be used for maximum output as success. What Danah has added to Goleman is only a morality. With this small addition of a pinch of ' sweet salt ' Danah ' s theory has not become ipso facto, different in kind. If she claims that she is a better Goleman than nobody will object to it. Really she is a better and improved Goleman. However, when she says that she is a ' New Generation ' Goleman than the objections are made and her theory is not in a position to reply to even a single objection.

Spiritually Intelligent people usually ask - is it a fraud being perpetuated in the name of Spiritual Intelligence? You find it...

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